عنوان مقاله [English]
The realization of knowledge in the form of naïve realism and critical realism has been one of main concerns of philosophers. Correspondence theory, which is considered as theory of truth in transcendental philosophy (Al Hekmah al-mota'aliya), can be interpreted as either naïve realism or critical realism. Problems of transcendental philosophy are presented in a way that evidence can be provided for both interpretations. Given the incompatibility of the two interpretations, only one should be chosen as Mulla Sadra's final theory. Given that within the framework of transcendental philosophy Naïve realism faces many serious criticism and problems, and that Mulla Sadra's final theories and strong evidence provided by transcendental philosophy are more consistent with critical realism, it seems that it is more appropriate to consider critical realism as Mulla Sadra's final theory.